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Buenos Aires History

Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina Republic. It is located in the South hemisphere of the American continent, latitude 34º 36' and longitude 58º 26', it is  approximately at ten hours of flight from New York, London, Paris, Madrid and Rome. Extends on an absolutely  flat land, of 202 square kilometers, in the estuary of the De La Plata River. This River and the Riachuelo are the natural limits of the City from the East and the South. The General Paz Avenue is the limit  from north to west and connects -in a quick way- the City with the Great Buenos Aires, It is an area of high urban concentration, strong commercial and industrial activity.  
In the opposed coast of the River is located Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay, is to only 45 minutes of airplane or two and a half hours of ferry. Farther on ,at 1.720 kilometers,(three hours of airplane), San Pablo's city is located. 
Buenos Aires was founded by second and definitive time in June 11 1580 by the Basque Juan of Garay and the reason of this foundation was the necessity of the Kings from Spain of the installation of a port that gave exit to the merchandises that took place in the American lands and it was necessary take it to the Peninsula. The presence of the Port was fundamental for later development of the city, practically until our days, those who live at the city are calling “Porteños”. For tradition, for history, or maybe for curiosity and the permanent attraction about new things, this characterizes Buenos Aires for the variety of the cultural offer. This is a cosmopolitan City and it is one of the cultural capitals of Latin America. This condition of metropolises is reflected in the multiplicity of shows and artistic expressions that populate the tight cultural calendar. Tango, camera music, opera, electronic, theater and cinema of vanguard, popular art, folks shows ... The great art, the small and the new one cohabits in Buenos Aires. The City has an infrastructure to its wealth, with excellent cinema rooms and theaters, comfortable and capable to harbor the most diverse audience. 
Already leaving aside the cultural and intellectual activity another   characteristic of Buenos Aires is its gastronomic offer. The good taste to eat is one of the pleasures of the city and the gastronomy is  fundamental for the social meetings and the free time. The Buenos Aires kitchen is characterized by its international touch as for the variety, quality of the raw materials used and for the quantity of restaurants.  The characteristic infusion of  Buenos Aires is the MATE that mixes  herbs with hot water, with or without sugar. This drink is consumed at any hour of the day. The MATE constitutes a popular habit in this part of the Rio de la Plata since the second half of the XVI century. 

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CITY TOUR:  It gives a panoramic vision of the architectural and urbanístic wealth of the city. The main attractions will be transited from the historical point of view as the social, cultural, etc. You will begin visiting the historical part, the old helmet, with the fundacional “Plaza de Mayo”, center and witness of the most important events in the Argentinean history. Takes its name after the first atemptt of independence, that took place in these lands in May 25, 1810.
Surrounding this historical square are: the headquarters of the National Executive Power, the famous “Casa Rosada”; the Cathedral with its Renaissance neoclassical front that remember the Church of The Madelaine from Paris; the headquarters of the Autonomous Gov.of the City of Buenos Aires; the old Town council “Cabildo”, and the Ministry of Economy of the Nation. Starting from Plaza de Mayo it is the Avenue of May that unites the “Casa Rosada” with the National Legislative's headquarters, The Congress of the Nation, spectacular and magnificent building of 9 thousand square meters made by the architect Victor Meano. It highlights its dome. Then the road will be undertaken toward to the oldest neighborhoods in the city: Montserrat, San Nicolás and San Telmo. This last, very bohemian with  a great quantity of places of tango shows and its interesting Fair of Antiques and  Market of Fleas, every Sundays.  
Trafficking for this South sector you will arrive until a typical Buenos Aires corner: the Neighborhood of “La Boca”,where the first port of the city took place. This neighborhood concentrates a significant part of the Italian society, for further precision, Genoese that has given him its pintoresque coloring. We can´t to be mentioned one of the ícons of the Argentinean soccer: the  Boca Junior Club and their stadium: the famous “Bombonera” where the well-known Diego Maradona used to play.
The road will be undertaken now, toward the North area of the City that contrasts definitively with that we seen until the moment: it is the modern, residential, chic area of the city: Palermo and Recoleta. Big avenues, wide gardens, houses and deluxe buildings, are the characteristic of these traditional neighborhoods.
Palermo with its 3 de Febrero Park, the biggest in Buenos Aires for its extention.  A  conjunction of parks, squares, lakes, walks, sculptures and monuments with 3 Km.2 of surface.
Recoleta: the French neighborhood in the City, with its mansions, its coffees and restaurants with tables in the sidewalks,  its Cemetery brings memories of Paris, The Pere Lachais, since this is also a Museum in itself, its Mausoleums and Monuments are true art-works and almost a complete parade of the main characters of the Argentinean history,Therewe can find the Mausoleum of  Eva Duarte-Perón, another of the figures more emblemátics of  Argentina. 
In the way returning to the hotel will already go by the Colón Theater  inaugurated in 1908 with the Opera "Aida" by Verdi, it is pride of the Buenos Aires, it was the scenario of the most outstanding figures in the lyrical music and of the national and international ballet. There, Caruso and Gigli sang, María Callas and Victoria de los angeles, Krauss, Carreras, Domingo and Pavarotti. And it was visited by dancers like Alicia Alonso, Margot Fonteyn, Paloma Herrera, Nijinski, Nureyevev, Barishnikov and Julio Bocca. There Stravinsky, Toscanini, Von Karajan and Zubin Metha directed the orchestra.
Before arriving at the hotel you will continue for  9 of Julio Ave., the widest in the city and one of the widest of the world, that remembers with its name the day of the Independence was declared in 1816, until its intersection with the well-known Corrientes Ave., where is another íconof Buenos Aires: “The Obelisco”, inaugurated in 1936 around the time of the 4º Centennial of the first Foundation of the City.  With its approximately 70 mts. of height and lines of rational style, it has become the most representative figure in the Buenos Aires.  
Duration: 03.30 hs. 

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